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National Aeronautics and Space Administration

Atlanta, Georgia

April 16-20, 2012

Grand Ballroom & Salon 3 Video Recordings


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Early Evolution of Life I

The rooted Net of Life and molecular evolution before LUCA
J. Peter Gogarten, Molecular and Cell Biology , University of Connecticut, Storrs , CT; G. Fournier, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; C.P. Andam, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
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Genome dynamics across the tree of life
Laura A. Katz, Smith College, Northampton, MA;
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Hot spots in the coevolution of life and Earth
S Blair Hedges, Biology, Penn State University, University Park, PA;
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Biosignatures and paleoenvironments in the 3.45 billion yr-old Strelley Pool Formation, Western Australia
Abigail Allwood, JPL, Pasadena, CA; A. Hickman, Geological Survey of Western Australia, East Perth, Western Australia, AUSTRALIA;
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Linking Microbial Ecosystem Biosignatures to the Geologic Record of Early Earth and Mars

Polar lipid biomarkers of streamer biofilm communities in hot springs of Yellowstone National Park and their preservation potential in adjacent sinters
Florence Schubotz, A. Gillespie, R. Summons, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA; L. Hays, Harvard University, Cambdrige, MA; G. Boyer, E.L. Shock, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ; D.R. Meyer Dombard, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL;
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Carbonate precipitation in acidic environments, a potential biosignature for searching life on Mars
Mónica Sánchez-Román, D. Fernandez Remolar, M. Oggerin, N. Rodriguez, O. Prieto-Ballesteros, Centro de Astrobiologia (INTA-CSIC), Torrejon de Ardoz, SPAIN; N. Sanchez-Navas, F. Nieto, Departamento de Mineralogia y Petrologia, Granada, Granada, SPAIN; N. Romanek, Earth and Environmental Sciences Department, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY; T. Schmid, Laboratory of Organic Chemistry, ETH Zurich, Zurich, Zurich, SWITZERLAND; L. Preston, M.R. Izawa, G. Southam, N. Banerjee, G. Osinski, Centre for Planetary Science and Exploration (CPSX), Department of Earth Sciences, University of Western Ontario, Ontario, Ontario, CANADA; D. Dyar, Department of Astronomy, Mount Holyoke College, Massachusetts, USA, Massachusettes, MA; D. Gomez-Ortiz, Universidad Rey Juan Carlos, Madrid, Madrid, SPAIN; R. Amils, Centro de Biología Molecular Severo Ochoa, Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Madrid, Madrid, SPAIN;
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The nitrogen isotopic composition of cyanobacterial chlorophyll is insensitive to pH
Ann Pearson, L.E. Tsao, Harvard University, Cambridge, MA; R.S. Robinson, University of Rhode Island, Narragansett, RI; M.B. Higgins, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ;
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Growth of Conical Stromatolites Through Microbial Trapping and Binding of Sediment
Dawn Sumner, Geology, University of California, Davis, Davis, CA; D.A. Andersen, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA; I. Hawes, University of Canterbury, Christchurch, NEW ZEALAND;
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In situ carbon isotope analysis of microbial fossils
Kenneth H. Williford, T. Ushikubo, K. Lepot, K. Kitajima, J.W. Valley, Geoscience, University of Wisconsin, Madison, WI; J.W. Schopf, University of California, Los Angeles, CA;
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Structural and chemical characterisation of ‘biogenic’ and abiotic jarosite: Implications for the search for life on Mars
Liane Loiselle, M.A. Craig, S.R. Shieh, G. Southam, University of Western Ontario , London, Ontario, CANADA; E.A. Cloutis, University of Winnipeg, Winnipeg, Manitoba, CANADA; R. Leveille, A. Koujelev, S. Lui, Canadian Space Agency, Saint-Hubert, Quebec, CANADA; P.L. King, Australian National University, Canberra, Australian Capital Territory, AUSTRALIA; M.D. Dyar, Mount Holyoke College, South Hadley, MA;
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Bacterial communities of rock coatings from Kärkevagge, Swedish Lapland
Cassandra L. Marnocha, J.C. Dixon, University of Arkansas, Fayetteville, AR;
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Characterization of putative ichnofossils in impact glass using STXM
Haley M. Sapers, N.R. Banerjee, G.R. Osinski, University of Western Ontario, London, Ontario, CANADA; D. Schumann, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec, CANADA;
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Plenary Session

Mission to Mars: Curiosity Sets Out to Explore Gale Crater
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How Can Astrobiology Help Save the World? A Discussion of Astrobiology and Humanity's Future

International Earth-based research program: Earth-X
Pascale Ehrenfreund, J. Rummel, C. McKay, Space Policy Institute, Washington, DC;
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Astrobiology Field Analog Research, Education, and Conservation at the Ubehebe Volcanic Field (Death Valley National Park, California): Discovery and Awareness for a possible tomorrow
Rosalba M. Bonaccorsi, L. Coe, C. McKay, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA; R.M. Bonaccorsi, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA; S. Kyriazis, Death Valley National Park, Death Valley, CA;
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Teaching English in East Africa through Astrobiology
"Grasshopper" Heshan Illangkoon, BMSIS, Seattle, WA;
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The Merapi Terraforming Project: Bringing Life and Art back to a Volcanic Disaster Zone
Angelo Vermeulen, Participatory Systems Initiative, Delft University of Technology, Delft, NETHERLANDS; A. Vermeulen, Sint-Lucas Visual Arts, Ghent, BELGIUM; A. Vermeulen, SEAD (Space Ecologies Art and Design), Sint-Niklaas, BELGIUM;
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What Good is Astrobiology Anyway (Lots!)
Kristen Intemann, Montana State University
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Climate Change and Astrobiology; The Necessary Connection
Joe Gale, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
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S.A.G.A.N. to the rescue: Promoting a Social Action for a Grassroots Astrobiology Network in America and Beyond
Julia DeMarines, B.K. Arslan, Illangkoon, S. Som, S.I. Walker, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA;
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Early Evolution of Life II

Estimating the timing of eukaryotic diversification
Laura Wegener Parfrey, Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO; L. Wegener Parfrey, D. Lahr, L.A. Katz, University of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA; L. Wegener Parfrey, D. Lahr, L.A. Katz, Smith College, Northampton, MA;
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A calibration-free molecular clock method to estimate relative divergence times among organisms and test the influence of calibrations on absolute times
K. Tamura, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Tokyo, JAPAN; Fabia Ursula Battistuzzi, P. Billing-Ross, S. Kumar, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ;
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The Ediacaran Oxygenation Event and Rise of Animals
Shuhai Xiao, Geosciences, Virginia Tech, Blacksburg, VA;
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Metabolism, Scaling, and the Major Ecological and Evolutionary Transitions of Life
Jordan Okie, School of Earth and Space Exploration, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ;
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The Nature of the Last Universal Common Ancestor

The last common ancestor: past imperfect?
Antonio Lazcano, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico, Mexico D.F., MEXICO;
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The evolutionary history of protein domain structures and proteomes defines the functional make up of the last universal cellular ancestor and confirms the very early appearance of Archaea
Gustavo Caetano-Anolles, K.M. Kim, Crop Sciences, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL;
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A machine learning, systems-biological approach to the metabolism of the last universal ancestor
Aaron D. Goldman, L. Landweber, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ;
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Why does LUCA Have the Level of Complexity It Does?
George E. Fox, Biology & Biochemistry, University of Houston, Houston, TX;
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Ribosomal Proteins and the evolution of the Genetic Code
Hyman Hartman, MIT, Cambridge, MA;
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The deep ancestry of the DExD/H-helicases: a novel method for inferring the early evolutionary origins of large protein families.
Jeff Robinson, Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH; B. Busby, NCBI, Bethesda, MD;
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Can a Living System Self-construct from a ‘Biotic Soup’?
Jan Spitzer, R&D, MCP Inc, Charlotte, NC;
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A Home for the Progenote
Helen G. Hansma, Physics, UCSB, Santa Barbara, CA;
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Plenary Session

Great Debate: "Expanding the Habitable Zone: The Hunt for ExoPlanets Now and Into the Future"
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Lightning Talks I

Creighton Jones
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Brig Klyce
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Michelle Montgomery
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Pauline Schwartz
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Carl Barratt
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Fred Sharpe
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Mosle Rhodes
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Lauren Cassidy
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Oyang Teng
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Extremeomics: The Biology and Metabolism of Weird Life

Absence of arsenate in DNA from arsenate-grown GFAJ-1 cells
Marshall Louis Reaves, J.D. Rabinowitz, L. Kruglyak, Molecular Biology, Princeton, Princeton, NJ; S. Sinha, R.J. Redfield, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, British Columbia, CANADA;
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Assessing the nature of virus-host coevolution in hydrothermal vent systems through metagenomics
Rika Anderson, W.J. Brazelton, J.A. Baross, School of Oceanography and Astrobiology Program, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; W.J. Brazelton, East Carolina University, Greenville, NC;
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Addressing Lake Vida cryobrine microbial community lifestyle: ‘Omics’ approaches to survey biogeochemical processes of a salty-freezing-ice-sealed ecosystem
Emanuele Kuhn, A.E. Murray, C.H. Fritsen, Desert Research Institute, Reno, NV; E. Kuhn, A.E. Murray, C.H. Fritsen, University of Nevada, Reno, NV; F.E. Loeffler, University of Tennessee , Knoxville, TN; P. Doran, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL;
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Elucidating genomic adaptations involved in Bacillus subtilis evolution to hypobaric growth: low pressure as an environmental constraint on terrestrial biological processes
Samantha M. Waters, W.L. Nicholson, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL; S.M. Waters, W.L. Nicholson, Kennedy Space Center, Kennedy Space Center, FL;
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Are spacecraft assembly facilities ‘breeding’ grounds that help Bacillus sp evolve to produce “hardened” spores ?
M.R. Tirumalai , University of Houston, Houston, TX; G.E. Fox, University of Houston, Houston, TX; S. Allen, Texas Southern University, Houston, TX; K. Venkateswaran, NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratories, Caltech, Pasadena, CA;
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Icy Worlds: Niches for Biological, Pre-Biological, and Abiological Chemistry

The case for habitable moons in the outer solar system from the study of the atmospheres and surfaces of Titan, Enceladus and Europa
Athena Coustenis, G. Bampasidis, A. Solomonidou, LESIA, Observatoire de Paris, CNRS, UPMC Univ. Paris 06, Univ. Paris-Diderot, Meudon, FRANCE; G. Bampasidis, A. Solomonidou, Univ. Athens, Faculty of Phys., Panepistimiopolis, Athens, GREECE; F. Raulin, LISA, Université Paris Est Créteil et Université Paris Diderot,, Creteil, FRANCE;
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JUICE (JUpiter and ICy moons Explorer): A MISSION DEVOTED TO EXPLORE THE HABITABILITY OF THE JUPITER SYSTEM
Olga Prieto Ballesteros, Habitability and Planetology, Centro de Astrobiologia-INTA-CSIC, Torrejón de Ardoz, Madrid, SPAIN; M. Dougherty, Imperial College, London, UNITED KINGDOM; O. Grasset, University of Nantes, Nantes, FRANCE; E. Bunce, Leicester University, Leicester, UNITED KINGDOM; A. Coustenis, Paris-Meudon Observatory, Paris, FRANCE; M. Blanc, Ecole Polytechnique, Toulouse, FRANCE; A. Coates, University College of London, London, UNITED KINGDOM; P. Drossart, LESIA/Observatory of Paris, Paris, FRANCE; L. Fletcher, Oxford University, Oxford, UNITED KINGDOM; H. Hussman, R. Jaumann, German Aerospace Centre (DLR), Berlin, GERMANY; N. Krupp, MPI for Solar System Research, Katlenburg-Lindau, GERMANY; P. Tortora, University of Bologna, Bologna, ITALY; F. Tosi, Institute for Interplanetary Space Physics, Roma, ITALY; T. Van Hoolst, Royal Observatory of Belgium, Uccle, BELGIUM; D. Titov, C. Erd, A. Wielders, ESA-ESTEC, Noordwijk, NETHERLANDS;
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Evidence for the Formation of Organic Matter by Condensation of Carbon-bearing Ices Early in Solar System History
George J. Flynn, Physics, SUNY-Plattsburgh, Plattsburgh, NY;
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A unified macro-micro Monte Carlo simulation of ice mantle formation on interstellar grains
Qiang Chang, E. Herbst, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA;
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Amino acids irradiated at 15-140 K: In-situ measurements of radiation stability
Perry A. Gerakines, R.L. Hudson, M.H. Moore, J.L. Bell, Astrochemistry Lab, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD;
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Photochemical processing of low-temperature formamide:water ices
M. Michele Dawley, T.M. Orlando, Chemistry & Biochemistry, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA;
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Ionization of Organic Impurities in Interstellar and Cometary Ices
Murthy S. Gudipati, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA; M.S. Gudipati, University of Maryland, College Park, MD; A. Lignell, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA;
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Descent with Modification: Thermal Reactions of Subsurface H2O2 of Relevance to Icy Satellites and Other Small Bodies
Reggie L. Hudson, M.J. Loeffler, Astrochemistry Laboratory, NASA Goddard Space Flight Center, Greenbelt, MD;
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Memorial Session

Honoring Those We Have Lost: Science and Reflections
Commemorating the life and work of Baruch Blumberg/Barry Blumberg, Mike Drake, David Gilachinsky, Ron Greeley, Lynn Margulis, Susan Niebur, Elisabetta Pierazzo, James Scott, Robert Shapiro.
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The Origin of Biomolecules in Planetary Environments: From HCN to RNA (Session in Honor of James Ferris)

HCN chemistry and the abiotic synthesis of metabolic intermediates: is there a connection with primitive biosynthetic pathways?
Antonio Lazcano, Facultad de Ciencias, UNAM, Mexico, Mexico D.F., MEXICO;
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The Coupled Photochemistry of Ammonia and Acetylene: Implications for Giant Planets, Comets and Astrobiology?
Tom Keane, Chemistry and Biochemistry, Russell Sage College, Troy, NY;
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Photochemical Flow Reactor: A Laboratory Investigation of the Photochemical Reactions in Titan’s Atmosphere.
Buu N. Tran, M. Force, R.G. Briggs, Wadsworth Center, New York State Department of Health , Albany, NY; J.C. Joseph, P.D. Persans, J.P. Ferris, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY; V. Vuitton, Laboratoire de Planétologie de Grenoble, Grenoble, FRANCE; J.J. Chera, GE Global Research Center, Schenectady, NY;
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Molecular Asymmetry in Primitive Asteroids: Giving Life a Hand?
Sandra Pizzarello, A. Monroe, Arizona State University, Tempe, AZ; D. Schrader, D.S. Lauretta, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ;
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RNA OLIGOMERIZATION: POSSIBLE ENVIRONMENTS, MATERIALS, AND PROCESSES
John Delano, Atmos. & Environ. Sci., University at Albany, Albany, NY; P.C. Joshi, M.F. Aldersley, J.P. Ferris, N.D. Tailby, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY;
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The Role of Montmorillonite in RNA Synthesis
Michael F. Aldersley, P.C. Joshi, J.D. Price, J.P. Ferris, Chemistry and Chemical Biology, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, Troy, NY;
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Why G? The Unique Properties of Guanosine in a Prebiotic World
Linda B. McGown, L.M. Cassidy, B. Burcar, J.D. Grossman, E.M. Moriarty, Chemistry and Chemical Biology, RPI, Troy, NY;
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Combinatorial chemistry in the prebiotic environment.
David Deamer, Biomolecular Engineering, Univ. Calif. Santa Cruz, Santa Cruz, CA;
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Presenting Certificate of Appreciation to James Ferris
Carl Pilcher, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA;
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Exoplanet Habitability

Habitable Zones Around Low-Mass Stars
Ravikumar Kopparapu, R.M. Ramirez, J.F. Kasting, Pennsylvania State University, University Park, PA; R. Kopparapu, J.F. Kasting, Virtual Planetary Laboratory, University Park, PA;
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THE GREENHOUSE EFFECT OF CH4 FOR PLANETS WITH DENSE CO2 ATMOSPHERES AROUND F, G, and M-STARS
Ramses M. Ramirez, J.F. Kasting, Pennsylvania State University, State College, PA;
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The Habitability Limits of Our Earth and Other Earths.
C.H. Lineweaver, A. Chopra, Planetary Science Institute, Research School of Earth Sciences and Research School of Astronomy and Astrophysics, The Australian National University, Acton, Australian Capital Territory, AUSTRALIA;
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Measuring Atmospheric Pressure on Earth-like Exoplanets
Amit Misra, V. Meadows, Astronomy, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; D. Crisp, JPL, Pasadena, CA; M. Claire, Univ. East Anglia, Norwich, Norfolk, UNITED KINGDOM;
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Habitability of Planets In and Around Binary Star Systems: Calculating the boundaries of Habitable Zone
Nader Haghighipour, University of Hawaii, University of Hawaii , Honolulu, HI; L. Kaltenegger, CFA, Harvard, MA;
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Migration & Extrasolar Terrestrial Planets: Watering the Planets
Jade Carter-Bond, School of Phsyics, University of NSW, Sydney, New South Wales, AUSTRALIA; D.P. O'Brien, Planetary Science Institute, Tucson, AZ; S.N. Raymond, Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Bordeaux, Bordeaux, Bordeaux, FRANCE;
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Tilt-A-Worlds:Chaotic Obliquities and the Limits of the Habitable Zone
John C. Armstrong, Physics, Weber State University, Ogden, UT; J.C. Armstrong, R. Barnes, S. Domagal-Goldman, Virtual Planetary Laboratory, Seattle, WA; R. Barnes, University of Washington, Seattle, WA; S. Domagal-Goldman, ORAU/NASA, Washington, DC; S. Domagal-Goldman, Blue Marble Space Institute of Science, Seattle, WA;
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The Voyage of Exoplanetary Systems around the Galaxy
Colin A. Norman, Physics and Astronomy, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD;
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Plenary Session

How Do We Explain Ourselves? Challenges in Communicating about Astrobiology
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Lightning Talks II

William Alba, Tyler Mackay, Daiki Horikawa, Chiao Long Hsiao, Jordan Krebi, Roberto Laos
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Mineralogy as an Indicator of Aqueous Processes on Mars

Initial Observations by the Mars Exploration Rover Opportunity at Cape York, Meridiani Planum
David Des Marais, NASA Ames Research Center, Moffett Field, CA; M. Athena Science Team, NASA , Pasadena, CA;
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Evidence for Sedimentary Processes at Mawrth Vallis, Mars and Implications for Habitability
Janice L. Bishop, R. Beyer, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA; J.J. Wray, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA; D. Lowe, Stanford University, Stanford, CA; D. Loizeau, ESA-ESTEC, Noordwijk, NETHERLANDS; N.K. McKeown, MacEwan University, Edmonton, Alberta, CANADA; L. Saper, Brown University, Providence, RI; M. Parente, University of Massachusetts, Amherst , MA;
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ELEVATED BULK SILICA DEPOSITS IN NILI FOSSAE, MARS: IMPLICATIONS FOR HABITABILITY
Elena S. Amador, J.L. Bandfield, Earth and Space Sciences, University of Washington, Seattle, WA;
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THE HYDRATION STATE OF SULFATES ON MARS
Suniti Karunatillake, Rider University, Lawrenceville, NJ; O. Gasnault, Université de Toulouse [UPS], Toulouse, FRANCE; S. Karunatillake, S. McLennan, A.D. Rogers, Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY; J.J. Wray, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, GA; S. Squyres, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY; W.V. Boynton, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ;
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Mineralogy of Mars analogue saline cold springs on Axel Heiberg Island, Canada
Melissa Battler, G.R. Osinski, N. Banerjee, Western University, London, Ontario, CANADA;
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Expanding the inventory of carbonate-bearing rocks on Mars
James J. Wray, Georgia Tech, Atlanta, GA; S.L. Murchie, K.D. Seelos, JHU/APL, Laurel, MD; B.L. Ehlmann, Caltech, Pasadena, CA; R.E. Milliken, U. Notre Dame, Notre Dame, IN; J.L. Bishop, SETI Institute, Mountain View, CA; E.Z. Noe Dobrea, PSI, Tucson, AZ;
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Carbonaceous material associated with apatite in the Chassigny meteorite from Mars
Dominic Papineau, Earth and Environmental Sciences, Boston College , Chestnut Hill, MA;
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Extraterrestial Biomolecules in the New Age of Astronomical Instrumentation

Complex organic molecules in the interstellar medium: pushing the limits with millimeter-wavelength spectroscopy
Arnaud Belloche, K.M. Menten, Max-Planck Institut fuer Radioastronomie, Bonn, GERMANY; H.S. Mueller, I. Physikalisches Institut, Universität zu Köln, Cologne, GERMANY; R. Garrod, Department of Astronomy, Cornell University, Ithaca, NY;
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Constraints on Molecular Formation Pathways from Chemical Imaging of Protoplanetary Disks
Karin I. Oberg, C. Qi, D. Wilner, Harvard-Smithsonian CfA, Cambridge, MA;
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Exploration of the Interstellar Medium: A New Age of Broadband Data Cube Analysis
Brent Harris, C. Yang, K. Lehmann, B. Pate, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA; A. Remijan, C. Brogan, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Charlottesville, VA; C. Yang, Virginia Image and Video Analysis, Charlottesville, VA;
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High Resolution Radiospectroscopy: Peering into the Birthplaces of Stars and Chemical Complexity
Alwyn Wootten, NAASC, Natl. Radio Astronomy Obsy, Charlottesville, VA;
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A New Tool for Investigating the Extremes of Astrobiology - Current and Future Capabilities with the Green Bank Telescope
Felix J. Lockman, K. O'Neil, A. Remijan, National Radio Astronomy Observatory, Green Bank, WV;
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Unraveling the Mysteries of Complex Interstellar Organic Chemistry Using Observational Spectral Line Surveys
Susanna L. Widicus Weaver, M.L. Radhuber, S. Wang, J. Sanders, J.A. Kroll, J.C. Laas, Emory University, Atlanta, GA; D. Lis, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA; E. Herbst, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA;
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The Herschel Space Observatory and Biological Molecules in Space
Edwin Bergin, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI;
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